Пандака карликовая
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Самой мелкой и самой легкой пресноводной рыбой является карликовая пандака (Pandaka pygmaea). Эта бесцветная и почти прозрачная рыбка обитает в озерах острова Лусон на Филиппинах. Название Pandaka pygmaea обозначает в переводе - карликовый пигмей. Длина тела самцов равна 7,5-9,9 мм, а вес всего 4-5 мг. Вместе с этой рыбкой самыми маленькими также являются и остальные виды гоби, живущих в озерах Филипин - Mistichthys luzonensis, Pandaka pusilla, Microgobius lacustris, достигающие в длину 10-12 мм. Несмотря на их размеры, все эти рыбки широко используются в жареном виде, в смеси с пряностями и т.д. Рыбка часто содержится в аквариуме. Pandaka pygmaea занесена в список исчезающих видов.

The dwarf pygmy goby (Pandaka pygmaea) is a tropical freshwater fish of the family Gobiidae. It is one of the smallest fish in the world by mass, and is also one of the shortest freshwater fish. Mature males can reach up to 1.1 cm, while the females can grow up to 1.5 cm. Average weight is from 4 to 5 mg. It is known as bia and tobias in the Philippines.

P. pygmaea is primarily a Philippine species that was endemic in the rivers of Malabon, Metro Manila. It used to frequent shady river banks in Rizal Province of Luzon, Philippines. It has also been collected in the sea at Culion Island, near Palawan, Philippines. It also thrives in brackish waters and mangrove areas of Indonesia, and Singapore (1992). It had been imported into Germany in 1958.

Dwarf pygmy gobies survive in demersal, freshwater, brackish and marine water environments at a pH ranging from 7.0 – 8.4, a dH range of 30, and at tropical temperatures measuring from 24 to 30°C.

A colorless and nearly transparent species, the dwarf pygmy goby has a moderately elongated and robust body. Males are slender with nearly straight dorsal and ventral profiles, while the females appear stouter with the dorsal profile slightly curved, the belly protuberant, and the ventral outline strongly arched.

The head of the P. pygmaea is large and blunt. The head and nape are naked. The upper and lower profiles converge and are pointed if viewed from the sides. The head is characteristically broader than deep. The head is very short, broad and rounded. The mouth is very oblique, with a projecting lower jaw and chin. The posterior angle of the maxillary extends beneath the anterior part of the eye, up to the middle of pupil. It possesses two rows of teeth in each jaw. The outer row of teeth inside the upper jaw is larger and more widely spaced, while the inner row is characteristically minute. The first dorsal fin is low, much in advance of the second dorsal fin but not reaching the second dorsal fin when depressed. The pectoral and ventral fins are pointed, with the latter about as long as the former or longer. The anal papilla is very short and rounded in females, but is longer and very slender in males.

P. pygmaea have dark spots, which forms 4 cross-bands, over the sides of its body. The bases of the fins are heavily pigmented, except for the ventral fins. It has 22 to 25 scales in longitudinal series.

Изображено на монетах:

Филиппины, 10 сентимо, 1983-94